Learning to speak and communicate correctly in words is one of the most necessary skills that a baby should acquire in his first 2 years of life. Teaching your child to speak for the first 2 years is one of the main tasks for parents. At this age, children can already be given to kindergarten and if the baby does not talk at all or speaks very badly – it will be difficult to communicate with peers in kindergarten. In addition, it will be much easier for parents to understand their child if he speaks well. Speaking babies are calmer and less prone to whims, because they can explain to parents what they need, and parents, in turn, can more quickly satisfy the needs and desires of the child.
When and how to teach the child to talk
If you wish your beloved child happiness and future success – help him learn to put his thoughts and emotions into words and the sooner the better. It is necessary to do it from the very birth of the baby, because at this time his mother’s voice is the most coveted sound in the universe. The baby listens and hears at this time.
However, not all parents believe that the child should be taught to speak from birth, justifying it by the fact that, say, the time will come – he will learn … And this is a big misconception. Quite often to convince my mother that it is necessary to develop the baby’s speech as early as possible, it is very difficult, but perhaps, having read this article, parents will reconsider their attitude to the question – whether to teach the child to speak from an early age. Well, and for those parents in whom there is no doubt that the development of child speech is necessary and very important, we will give some useful recommendations that will help to build the right dialogue with the baby and turn any activity into an entertaining game.
“Talk to me, Mom” – how to develop the child’s speech.
Speech development of a child is a goal that a mother should set for herself when she is pregnant. Specialists have long proved the fact that the baby, being in the tummy, is able to not only hear, but also distinguish a large number of sounds. And some may like him, and others, on the contrary, to frighten or cause irritation. Neonatologists often advise future mothers to read fairy tales and children’s poems, sing lullabies to their unborn baby, as well as include classical music. All this contributes to the development of the child’s hearing and speech system. And his mother’s voice is his sweetest sound. Gre verbal practice for a child.
After birth, it is mom’s speech that can cause the strongest emotions in the newborn. He does not yet understand the words spoken to him, but he will perfectly recognize the voice itself and learn to distinguish between intonations. To do this, it is necessary to constantly talk to the baby when he is awake. Only thus the passive vocabulary of the child is replenished. And the more diverse will be communication with the mother and other close people, the faster the baby will talk. Speech therapists and pediatricians believe that the child starts talking only when his passive vocabulary is replenished with the necessary amount of words. Therefore, the responsibility for the development of the child’s speech fully lies with his parents.
It should also be noted that all children are individual. Mothers and fathers have a tendency to compare their babies with other children. This should not be done, because some babies start talking before walking – at nine to ten months, and others are silent until a year or two, not considering it necessary to start a conversation. Both can be a normal option. So be attentive to the success of your baby and focus on them, setting new goals and objectives for the crumb. However, remember that the centers in the departments of the brain, responsible for the speech system, finally formed in children by the age of three. This means that parents do not have much time to help their baby develop his or her speech and ability to speak well.
Speech standards for children under three years of age gre verbal practice prep for gre kindergarten
Although the process of speech development is individual, there are some averages that allow parents to move in the right direction. Mothers and dads need to know that at each age the baby is acquiring new skills. This also applies to speech. If, a few months after birth, he can reproduce three or four sounds by force, by 8-9 months, he begins to put them into syllables resembling simple words. Most often they do not correspond in any way with the objects that denote them. However, some babies quite consciously pronounce these sounds, which indicates a high level of their development. For example, at 9 months the child can already pronounce syllables -pa, -ba, -dya, -da and, accordingly, can address to the father or the woman, using these syllables. Many parents are looking forward to their child consciously saying the word “mother”. Unconsciously the syllable -ma, the baby can say at 7 and 6 months, but, consciously the word “mother”, as a rule, begins to speak later – by 10-11 years, and some even after a year. Mom should not be upset about it, because everything is individual. Some children may already say a few words before they even say the word “mum” for the first time.
Speech development standards for children depend on age limits. In our article we will talk about what and how a child should say in one year, two and three years:
Speech of a child in his first year of life.
From the very first day after birth, the baby talks to his parents in the only possible way – through screaming and crying. In this way, he reports that he is hungry, frozen, upset, scared or simply bored and hungry for mom’s attention. By about a month, parents begin to discern the voice signals of their child. He screams with different intonation depending on what he wants to achieve.
If the development of the baby is correct, then two months from birth the baby will start to stretch out different sounds with pleasure, while bubbling and smiling. His favorite sounds are vowels: “a”, “o”, “u”. Many children in addition to them say something that resembles a “goo”. That’s why we often hear such a cute “agha” from the baby. The baby repeats the sounds sometimes for several minutes in a row, while actively gesticulating with pens and moving the legs.
The time interval from three to six months is marked by humming. Tiny begins to repeat the simplest syllables and it is important for parents not to miss the beginning of his speech development. During this period it is recommended to include songs, audiobooks, reading fairy tales and poems, as well as voice everything that happens around the baby. Comment on everything you do. Don’t think that the baby doesn’t understand anything yet and therefore doesn’t need an explanation. The baby is interested in all your words, especially if they represent a dialogue. At 3-4 months of age, the baby is able to listen to someone else’s speech for a long time, literally absorbing every word. And at the moment of your silence, the baby successfully fills the pause in the conversation with his humming, thus showing interest in communication.
At about five months, the baby begins to babble. Many parents distinguish familiar words in this set of sounds and syllables and are very happy about the high level of development of their child. However, these are actually unconscious sounds and syllables that are not in any way related to certain objects or people.
At seven to eight months, children usually already have a good understanding of spoken language. And they understand not only frequently repeated words, but also whole phrases. For example, Mom’s phrase “let’s go for a walk” can cause the baby a rapture, and “let’s eat” – will make the baby open his mouth wide. The baby is able to memorize the names of toys or animals, and when you mention an object, you can find it with your eyes.
By the year most children already say the first words. Most of the vocabulary consists of their small number of short words. The average child is fluent in five to ten words and this is considered the norm.
The child’s speech development at age 2
When a child turns one year old, his vocabulary starts to grow rapidly. The child becomes incredibly curious and literally absorbs all the new words. The baby understands most of what he is told, and by the age of a year and a half has about thirty words.
At about the same age, kids learn how to properly apply cases and bend words. This is an important stage in the development of speech, so the main task of parents is to maintain interest in communication and teaching your baby to correctly pronounce and bend certain words. You can also develop your child’s speech with the help of colorful books. It is good if they have voluminous pictures, as much information crumb still gets through the tactile sensations. Prep for gre kindergarten.
By the age of two, as a rule, the baby can say between seventy and a hundred words. And now parents can develop his speech skills through various games and special exercises.